This pruning guide is designed to make the prune process throughout your year as easy as possible. We wanted to put all the different seasons and types of garden plants and shrubbery into one place so you can quickly scan what you need to be cutting, when you do it, and how much to take.
Pruning Early in the Year
Pruning at the start of the year is extremely important for all the types of plants involved as it gives them sufficient room to grow into the warmer weather as soon as it arrives.
Spring – March, April
Semi wood perennials
- Russian Sage
- Butterfly Bush
- Feather Reedgrass
- Fountaingrass, Purple Fountaingrass
- Little Bluestem, Blue Fescue
- Switchgrass, Hairgrass
- Blue Oatgrass, North Sea Oats
- Purple Millet, Purple Moorgrass
- Japanese Forestgrass
- Fiber Opticgrass
- Holly Firethorn
- Mountain Lover
- Heather, Heath
- Yew Pine
- Wild Lilac
- Burkwood Daphne, Rose Daphne
Summer-flowering trees & shrubs
Flowers will bud on the freshly-cut stems, so make sure you prune in all the right places. If you’re after a perfect bloom then fertilisation and the right amount of water needs to be considered.
Read more about fertilising in the summer.
Spring to Summer
Evergreen Shrubs (non flowering)
Begin pruning at the very beginning of new growth as this covers where you’ve cut for best visual effect. Remember to trim the inside of the bush so the thickness is even.
Make sure to remove any dead heads while pruning. This will ensure that all the growth goes into the healthy flowers and give the buds for next year the best chance of success. Thin any multi-stemmed shrubs, oldest first.
If the plants are way too overgrown, go for the rejuvenation technique and cut them back to three or four inches. While a daring move for most gardeners, this could solve you growth problems.
Flowering Perennials and Annuals
- Blanket Flower
- Tall Garden Phlox
- Russian Sage
- Perennial Sage
Deadhead, cut down, and mulch.
Evergreen Trees and Deciduous Trees
- Crab Apple
Remove any dangerous-looking branches that obstruct anything you don’t want obstructed. Chop off limbs that rub against each other and any that are crossed.