This is the only Pruning Guide you will need in 2014

By on 10th February in Guides

This pruning guide is designed to make the prune process throughout your year as easy as possible. We wanted to put all the different seasons and types of garden plants and shrubbery into one place so you can quickly scan what you need to be cutting, when you do it, and how much to take.

Pruning Early in the Year

Pruning at the start of the year is extremely important for all the types of plants involved as it gives them sufficient room to grow into the warmer weather as soon as it arrives.

Spring – March, April

Semi wood perennials

  • Lavender
  • Russian Sage
  • Butterfly Bush

lavender-pruned

Ornamental Grass

  • Feather Reedgrass
  • Fountaingrass, Purple Fountaingrass
  • Little Bluestem, Blue Fescue
  • Switchgrass, Hairgrass
  • Blue Oatgrass, North Sea Oats
  • Purple Millet, Purple Moorgrass
  • Cordgrass
  • Japanese Forestgrass
  • Maidengrass
  • Fiber Opticgrass
  • Ravennagrass
  • Zebragrassfountaingrass

Broad-Leaf Evergreens

  • Boxwood
  • Holly Firethorn
  • Oleander
  • Mountain Lover
  • Heather, Heath
  • Yew Pine
  • Wild Lilac
  • Camelia
  • Burkwood Daphne, Rose Daphne

red-purple-flowers

Early Spring

Summer-flowering trees & shrubs

  • Vines
  • Hydrangea
  • Roses

hydrangea

Flowers will bud on the freshly-cut stems, so make sure you prune in all the right places. If you’re after a perfect bloom then fertilisation and the right amount of water needs to be considered.

Read more about fertilising in the summer.

Spring to Summer

Evergreen Shrubs (non flowering)

  • Yews
  • Juniper
  • Boxwood

yew-hedge

Begin pruning at the very beginning of new growth as this covers where you’ve cut for best visual effect. Remember to trim the inside of the bush so the thickness is even.

Spring-flowering shrubs

  • Forsythia
  • Rhododendron
  • Lilacs

rhododendrons

Make sure to remove any dead heads while pruning. This will ensure that all the growth goes into the healthy flowers and give the buds for next year the best chance of success. Thin any multi-stemmed shrubs, oldest first.

If the plants are way too overgrown, go for the rejuvenation technique and cut them back to three or four inches. While a daring move for most gardeners, this could solve you growth problems.

Summer

Flowering Perennials and Annuals

  • Blanket Flower
  • Veronica
  • Tall Garden Phlox
  • Russian Sage
  • Perennial Sage
  • Asters
  • Astilbe

Deadhead, cut down, and mulch.

blanket-flower

Winter

Evergreen Trees and Deciduous Trees

  • Crab Apple
  • Fern

Remove any dangerous-looking branches that obstruct anything you don’t want obstructed. Chop off limbs that rub against each other and any that are crossed.

crab-apple

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